IL Latino News produces stories focused on the responses to theÂ social determinants of health.Â Economic stabilityÂ means that people have the resources essential to a healthy life. Factors affecting economic stability include affordable housing; employment that provides a living wage; things that support employment, like worker protections, paid sick leave, and child care; and access to reliable transportation.
Bordering the Chicago River on the Lower West Side is Pilsen, a neighborhood rich in Latino culture and decorated with dozens of ornate murals and as many award-winning restaurants.
One of the many Mexican-inspired eateries is “5 Rabanitos” in the historic district’s West 18th Street. It’s there that Alfonso Sotelo, the first part of the story of two brothers, immigrants achieving their “American dream,” begins.
It is at the Pilsen restaurant that you will find Alfonso plating his favorite dish, Puerco Al Rancho: slow roasted pork with Mole Estilo Guerrero, Mexican rice, and green beans. A few minutes south, you will find brother Jaime Sotelo doing the same at “Chile Toreado” in McKinley Park.
Both men honor the cuisine that they grew up with in Mexico by offering hand-made and hand-pressed tortillas to regional dishes like tlayudas from Oaxaca.
The Sotelo brothers are two of the 1.7 million immigrants who call Chicago home. Many, like the Sotelo’s small businesses, keep Main Street vibrant, regardless of the economy, including when COVID-19 basically shut down the City.
â€œWe have seen 4,700 new businesses get new licenses since the beginning of â€¦ the pandemic,â€� said Isabel Velez-Diez, in an interview with WTTW’s Latino Voices. â€œWeâ€™ve also seen the license renewal stay at the same percentage as it was pre pandemic. So we are very hopeful, optimistic that things are looking up and things are getting slowly but surely back to normal,â€� said the director of economic recovery at the Chicago Department of Business Affairs and Consumer Protection.
Still, inflation has been squeezing small businesses that made gains from the economic strain caused by the pandemic.
â€œI think one of the things that weâ€™re seeing right now is the cost of rent, utilities, payroll, itâ€™s going to continue going up and weâ€™re looking at different types of businesses that are creating different business models that have adapted since the pandemic,â€� Pilsen Chamber of Commerce secretary Jackson Flores said.
Inflation has especially hit hard the restaurant industry. In August, the cost for consumers to purchase food away from home rose by 8.3 percent compared to the same period in 2021, according to a report by Modern Restaurant Management. Additionally, menu prices at casual dining establishments rose by an average of 9 percent year over year from 2021. This inflation at the customerâ€“facing end of the restaurant business has primarily been driven by rapidly increasing operating costs â€“ by as much as 11.7 percent. Worse, inflation isnâ€™t forecast to ease until late next year. It is predicted to fall to 3-to-4 percent by the end of 2023, according to economic projections by Kiplinger.
For the Sotelo Brothers, one of 80,000 Latino business owners in Chicago, authenticity is on the menu and key to weathering any economic storm.
Citlalli Magali Sotelo, is a 21-year-old Mexican-American and a first-generation college student. She is currently a junior at Columbia College Chicago and aspire to be a bilingual or trilingual journalist.
IL Latino News produces stories focused on the responses to the social determinants of health. Social and Community Contextis the connection between characteristics of the contexts within which people live, learn, work, and play, and theirhealth and well-being. This includes topics like cohesion within a community, civic participation, discrimination, conditions in the workplace, and incarceration.
Yumary BriseÃ±o looked at her 12-year-old daughter. Her tender eyes gazing up at her, filled with worry.
â€œMom, Iâ€™m hungry.â€�
BriseÃ±o gave her daughter the only food she had in her homeâ€”a few flour arepas and a can of tomato sauce.
â€œMom, thatâ€™s not food.â€�
Holding back tears, BriseÃ±o realized it was time to flee Venezuela.
BriseÃ±o said she did not want to come to the United States, but with the rising economic crisis in her home country, she left in hopes to provide a better life for her daughter and mother.
Her restaurant business in Venezuela was declining and had no success finding another job that paid her enough to support her family.
â€œI had to do it,â€� she said.
BriseÃ±oâ€™s journey to the United States was not easy. She saw women and men raped with her own eyes. She saw migrants being robbed and shot at. She encountered fear, hunger and fatigue.
She witnessed frustration grow among other migrants during her month-long travel, many of them picking fights with each other over water.
â€œIf I could turn back time, Iâ€™d reconsider a million times about taking on the journey,â€� BriseÃ±o said.
Oftentimes, she went to sleep on the streets fearful that she would be killed.
â€œItâ€™s an experience I donâ€™t wish upon anyone,â€� she said.
Since late August, Republican Gov. Greg Abbott has bussed around 3,700 migrants to Chicago from the U.S. and Mexico border in Texas. At least 425 are school-aged children according to ChalkBeat. Most of the migrants are seeking asylum, yet some are unaware they have arrived in Chicago in the first place.
The influx of undocumented migrants is part of Abbottâ€™s plan to send them to Democratic â€˜sanctuaryâ€™ cities.
Abbott has openly criticized on social media the Biden administrationâ€™s attempt to lift Title 42, a federal act which authorizes denying asylum seekers in the U.S. during the Covid-19 pandemic prior to the shipment of migrants.
Despite her experiences, BriseÃ±o said she was one of the lucky ones.
Her journey led her to spend three days at the Migrant Resource Center in San Antonio, Texas where a woman at the center gave BriseÃ±o airplane tickets to Chicago.
When she arrived in the city, she met pastors Jacobita Cortes and Elvira who did not want to disclose her last name.
Elvira and Cortes turned the Adalberto Memorial United Methodist Church in Humboldt Park into a sanctuary for arriving migrants. They provide them with shelter, clothes, food and education on how to navigate public transportation.
Cortes said the church has received around 150 migrants. Their goal has been helping them find jobs, apartments, but most of all, help restore their faith and human rights.
During a church mass, Elvira told her experience as someone who was once undocumented to the newly arrived.
She turned her head, acknowledging the eyes of everyone in the small room and said, â€œToday, you all are arriving in paradise. But a paradise, why? Because others before us, even way before me, people fought so that in that time, I could have rights.â€�
Elvira was deported from the United States in 2007 and was not allowed to enter the country for twenty years. Despite her undocumented status, she would travel to the U.S. Mexico border and help people cross over.
There were moments she looked up at the sky and thought, â€œLord but what am I doing here?â€�
Elvira said even though there were days she was filled with doubt and fear that she would be penalized again, she wanted to help people create a better life in the U.S.
â€œI wanted for no other mother and father to be separated from their children. For no other father and mother to be shamed. That no other worker be shamed for the simple act of wanting to work.â€�
She reminded the migrants that their path will not be an easy one but to continue fighting.
Cortes said she reminds them that despite their countryâ€™s crisis, they should not let go of their roots.
â€œLike I tell our Venezuelan brothers, never forget or feel embarrassed of your village, of your country,â€� Cortes said.
Cortes was also once a migrant herself, she came to the United States at 17-years-old from MichoacÃ¡n, Mexico. She said it is now the duty of people who share similar migration experiences to help them.
Her message transcents through the walls of the church with two green signs, one in Spanish and the other in English that read, â€œI was a stranger and you welcomed me.â€�
â€œJust as they arrived, they can have that heart to keep helping the rest. To not forget those who were left behind,â€� Cortes said.
Through similar migration experience or their own sense of calling, many Latinos across Chicago have found their own ways to help those seeking asylum.
Baltazar Enriquez, president of the Little Village Community Council (LVCC) was at Union Station on Aug. 31, the night the first bus of migrants arrived in Chicago.
He received a call from Univision cameraman Enrique GarcÃa Fuentes, asking him if they could use the LVCC hall space to house the migrants. Although Enriquez agreed, he did not realize the â€˜massiveâ€™ amounts of people that were seeking asylum.
LVCC volunteers quickly gathered supplies such as clothes, blankets, food and transportation. Enriquez called for help from city officials including Congressman Chuy Garcia, Illinois Latino Caucus Leader Aaron Ortiz and Cook County Commissioner Alma Anaya. Enrique said none of them answered his phone calls nor called him back at a later time.
â€œThe city has helped us with nothing. The state has helped us with nothing. The county has helped us but nothing. The federal government has not helped us with anything.â€�
In October, Mayor Lightfoot gave $5 million for the city to support the incoming migrants, according to Bloomberg Magazine. However, the LVCC did not have any financial support from the city according to Enriquez.
Enriquez said the Little Village neighborhood always welcomes immigrants. As part of one of the cityâ€™s largest Mexican communities, he says they always, â€œlend a helping hand.â€�
Whether on the front lines or not, the mobilization of many Latinos across the city to support those arriving come in various forms.
Emily Vallejo, daughter of Peruvian immigrants and student at DePaul, started a clothing drive for migrants through the Latinx cultural group known as MESA.
She said her parents and grandparents immigration story has fueled her activism.
â€œItâ€™s always kinda been a big part of why I felt like I need to do things is because I see my family in other people,â€� Vallejo said.
Vallejo said she wants to give back to her community such as the incoming migrants because her family paved the way for her to do so.
â€œI feel like it would almost be doing a disservice to my family if I werenâ€™t saying this is messed up or we should be mobilizing.â€�
Vallejo said many of the older generation of Latinos focused on â€˜survivingâ€™ in the United States, rather than engaging in forms of activism.
These acts of survival were often sending money back to their families or simply ensuring there was food on the table.
As migrants continue to arrive, BriseÃ±o said all she wants is to be granted permission by the U.S. government to work. She wishes to provide for her family, especially her daughter.
â€œShe is my strength to keep fighting.â€�
Publisherâ€™s Notes: This story was written by DePaul University students, Stephania Rodriguez, Nadia Carolina Hernandez, and Jacqueline Cardenas.
Jacqueline is the editor-in-chief of La DePaulia, DePaul University’s Spanish language newspaper. She is a multimedia journalist and the event coordinator for the university’s National Association of Hispanic Journalists (NAHJ) student chapter. Jacqueline is a first-generation Mexican-American who aspires to diversify the broadcast news industry.
CT Latino News produces stories focused on the responses to the social determinants of health. Economic Stabilityis vital to affording lifestyle choices and paying for quality medical care that keeps people healthy. A well-paying, steady job is critical for food security and housing stability. Savings are essential for managing chronic conditions or emergencies.
Connecticutâ€™s public and private sectors are working together to provide flexible and accessible loans to over 100 small business owners and nonprofit leaders across the stateâ€™s diverse communities.
The Small Business Boost Fund was designed to address financial and technical barriers that specifically impact small businesses and nonprofits from marginalized communities, said Director Sheila Hummel of CT Small Business Development Office.
â€œWeâ€™re trying to reach [residents] and get them help. Lots of times itâ€™s technical assistanceâ€”helping you do your application or afterward too,â€� Hummel explained. â€œMaybe, after you get the loan, youâ€™re having some cash flow problems or something else didnâ€™t go the way you wanted it to. Now, you have someone to go to.â€�
The loans have a fixed 4.5 percent interest rate, ranging from $5,000 to $500,000 with 60- or 72-month repayment terms, depending on the loan amount.
Eligible businesses and nonprofits must operate within Connecticut, have 100 or fewer full-time employees, an annual revenue of less than $8 million, and have been in operation for at least one yearâ€”although a small amount of financing is available for start-ups.
â€œThis fund was established to support small business owners who may have previously experienced barriers to accessing financial support and works with and through community lenders that are dedicated to equitable lending practices,â€� Governor Ned Lamont announced in a July press release.
The programâ€™s $150 million budget consists of a $75 million investment from the state while $75 million is being raised, coming from donations made by local banks, Hummel said.
The majority of the budget is lent to the programâ€™s businesses and nonprofits while a smaller portion funds technical assistance to applying businesses and nonprofits.
Over a thousand businesses and nonprofits have applied to the program since its launch this summer, according to Hummel. The pre-application portal asks residents about 18 questions to either match them with a lender or technical advisor.
All of the fundâ€™s applications are available in multiple languages, including Spanish. Residents may also speak with multilingual staff to learn about the program or when applying.
More than 100 organizations have been matched with a lender that assists residents with the application process. Applicants who are first matched with technical advisors, receive feedback and support to enhance specific aspects of their businesses or nonprofits before applying to the program.
â€œThere are numerous different [reasons] for why you might not get matched up,â€� such as low credit scores or disorganized financial records, Hummel explained. â€œSo then, you have the option of matching with technical assistance to help you be able to qualify for a loan. Theyâ€™ll work with you and see whatâ€™s going on.â€�
Currently, about 60 percent of loans from the Small Business Boost Fund have been given to marginalized business owners and nonprofit leaders, including entrepreneurs who are women, veterans, people of color, people with disabilities, and members of LGBTQ+ communities.
However, Hummel pointed out the importance of keeping intersectionality in mind, as her team increases that percentage.
â€œRight now, we have nine Latino businesses that have been funded,â€� Hummel shared. â€œSo, we want to increase that number and then look at where these loans are being funded. Maybe thereâ€™s not enough advertising [of the program] in Hartfordâ€¦or Meriden.â€�
The fund has worked with local chambers of commerce along with Hispanic and Latino nonprofit organizations to spread the word about its loans.
â€œWeâ€™re constantly adjusting our outreach and marketing campaigns to reach a variety of diverse communities,â€� she said. â€œWeâ€™re doing ads in newspapers, radio spots in Spanish, weâ€™re going to have [an informational] video in Spanish.â€�
Reaching marginalized communities can be a major challenge for many supportive programs and services, but establishing trust with residents from these vulnerable communities is another obstacle.
A few of the programâ€™s seven lenders and local community development financial institutions (CDFIs) are known for their decades of experience â€œserving historically under-resources and underbanked communitiesâ€�, according to the press release.
CT Latino News is a partner of the CT Small Business Boost Fund in supporting the stateâ€™s Hispanic and Latino communities.
CTLN sees the public as more than just the audience; you are contributors. To that end, please take our brief survey to help shape our coverage in producing stories on the social determinants of health: healthcare and quality, neighborhood and built environment, education access and quality, social and community context, and economic stability.
IL Latino News produces stories focused on the responses to the social determinants of health. Social and Community Contextis the connection between characteristics of the contexts within which people live, learn, work, and play, and theirhealth and well-being. This includes topics like cohesion within a community, civic participation, discrimination, conditions in the workplace, and incarceration.
Fallen angels, birds, shackles, and small handprints. These paintings are far more than just pictures. Children made this art in Illinois jails.
“Can you see me?”, the exhibition, at the Weinberg/Newton Gallery in the River West neighborhood of Chicago, presents artwork by incarcerated young people, contemporary artists, and arts-justice organizations exploring themes of ascendance, innocence, and freedom.
â€œThese are kids and not criminals,â€� said Devon VanHouten-Maldonado, SkyART Director of Programs. â€œWe over criminalize our Black and Brown communities.â€� VanHouten-Maldonado believes some youth from poverty stricken communities are never given the chance to be innocent.
Black youth are more than four times as likely to be detained or committed in juvenile facilities as their white peers, according to The Sentencing Project. Forty-one percent of youths in placement are Black, even though Black Americans comprise only 15 percent of all youth across the United States.
The three-part presentation is a partnership with South Side youth arts non-profit SkyART; inspired by its Just-Us program, which provides weekly open studio-style art therapy sessions for incarcerated youth.
“I think they’re doing a really great job (SkyART) because it’s giving these kids a way to express themselves,” said, Raven Quintero. A visitor at the River West exhibit, Quintero agreed that healing through art is a positive channel.
VanHouten-Maldonado said art therapy gives youth the platform to explore their challenging circumstances and express themselves in a creative and productive manner. â€œArt programs that address social emotional learning are more effective than incarceration.â€�
The “Can you see me?” exhibition, Weinberg/Newton Gallery, River West
The three exhibitions include:
â€¢ The primary Can you see me? exhibition at Weinberg/Newton Gallery runs until Dec. 17, 2022
â€¢ Arts + Public Life presenting FREEDOM SPACE, runs through Dec. 16, 2022.
â€¢ SkyART presenting Can you see me? Envisioning the future at their flagship studio space in South Chicago (3026 E 91st St.) runs through Dec. 17, 2022.
ILLN sees the public as more than just the audience; you are contributors. To that end, please take our brief survey to help shape our coverage in producing stories on the social determinants of health: healthcare and quality, neighborhood and built environment, education access and quality, social and community context, and economic stability.
Earlier this month, the Illinois Latino Agenda (ILA) convened its first meeting of the â€œWelcome to Illinoisâ€� coalition. The purpose of this new coalition is to provide a space for those responding to the ongoing migrant situation to share information, provide updates, and determine if there are synergies to teamwork.
As of mid-October, Illinois has received over 3,600 asylum-seekers from Texas and Florida. State, city, and local organizations have worked around the clock to meet the immediate needs of these families, providing everything from food and shelter to medical screenings and legal advice. Early on, community organizations expressed a need for coordination of these efforts and a long-term plan to ensure that the migrants feel safe and welcomed. The Illinois Latino Agenda agreed to respond by establishing the Welcome to Illinois coalition.
â€œWeâ€™re just getting out of the eye of the hurricane. We still have to figure out how the dust settles and how we resolve this and how we move forward,â€� said Sylvia Puente, President and CEO of the Latino Policy Forum and ILA Co-Chair, to NBC News.
The first meeting was attended via Zoom by over 80 people, including representatives from the Illinois Department of Human Services (IDHS), the City of Chicago Mayorâ€™s office, the Cook County Health System (CCH), Congressman Jesus â€œChuyâ€� Garciaâ€™s office, and various community organizations such as the Illinois Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights (ICIRR) and The Resurrection Project (TRP). Sylvia Puente and Jose MuÃ±oz, Executive Director of La Casa Norte and ILA Co-Chair, began the meeting by expressing gratitude and appreciation for all the work being done to help these families.
Next, Grace Hou, Secretary of IDHS, provided a snapshot of what the State has seen and its response. She said that of the thousands of migrants that have arrived, most are from Venezuela and are unsponsored. Fifty-six percent are single men, and 40 percent are part of family units (17 percent are children). About half are being housed in hotels throughout Cook County, and half are in temporary shelters throughout Chicago. Fortunately, most of the migrants have presented as generally healthy, according to Iliana Mora, Chief Administrative Officer of CCH. The Stateâ€™s main concerns and next steps are enrolling children in schools and finding long-term housing solutions. Secretary Hou stressed that any long-term housing plan must work within the Stateâ€™s overall housing strategy.
Nubia Willman, chief engagement officer for the mayor’s office, expressed similar concerns around housing. Willman said that the City quickly became overburdened by the flow of migrants and, working with State officials, has resettled some in surrounding suburbs. City workers are also being deployed to help with intake and triage. Now that the influx of buses has slowed down, â€œitâ€™s time to think of long-term solutions,â€� she said.
However, long-term solutions at the state and local levels will be challenging to obtain without federal support. This was a common theme among all the participants: a need for federal advocacy of resources and quicker pathways to work authorization. Now that the flow of migrants has slowed, organizations are shifting out of rapid response mode and into more intermediate/long-term care: individual case management and legal consultation, employment training, ESL, mental health care, etc.
â€œSo many of us have different strengths – we cannot just rely on organizations that have been working since the beginning of the migrant crisis. More assistance is needed to add value,â€� said Ere Rendon, VP of Immigrant Justice at The Resurrection Project.
The primary legal roadblock is that migrants are generally not eligible for work permits under humanitarian parole. They can apply for asylum status, which can take as long as two years, by which time their parole status is over. This is a fundamental flaw in the system. Until there are changes at the federal level, organizations will have no choice but to continue to find resources to help these families, including calling for donations from the public.
Patty Garcia, District Director for Congressman Garcia, assured the group that Rep. Garcia and members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus are working to advocate for the following policy changes: $500 million dollars in additional FEMA funding, extending parole to up to two years, changing eligibility requirements so that the migrants may qualify for Temporary Protective Status (TRP), and advocating for eligibility of federal housing programs that non-citizens would not otherwise qualify for under the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
In the meantime, the individuals and organizations on the call remain committed to welcoming these migrants to Illinois and ensuring they have a chance to thrive. â€œMigrants are strong, resilient, and proud. They want to find a job and become independent,â€� shared IsaÃas SolÃs, Senior Director of Programs at Erie Neighborhood House, during the groupâ€™s second meeting. Erie Neighborhood House is another community-based organization that has been working diligently with IDHS to connect migrants to services.
During that same meeting, the group raised concerns about mental health. According to our partners, many of the migrants are coming with trauma, not to mention the added trauma of being in an unfamiliar place and the uncertainty that comes with that. At the same time, Dulce Ortiz, Executive Director of Mano a Mano, has made sure that her staff are not â€œburning outâ€� in providing for these families and hearing these stories, highlighting the prevalence of secondary trauma among service providers. â€œOur caseworkers, case managers, social workers â€“ theyâ€™re human beings too,â€� she said.
The Welcome to Illinois coalition will meet biweekly on an as-needed basis. For more information on the ILA, please email Jose Marco-Paredes at email@example.com. If you or your organization wishes to join the coalition, please complete the following sign-on document: https://tinyurl.com/WelcometoILSignOn.
For more information on what other organizations are doing to respond and to donate, please visit https://welcometoil.org/. Please consider adding your organizationâ€™s logo and the services your organization offers. To do so, reach out directly to our partner Ere RendÃ³n at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Nina SedeÃ±o joined the Latino Policy Forum in October of 2022 as the Immigration Policy Analyst. Under the supervision of the Director of Civic Engagement, Nina builds and maintains relationships with community partners, government agencies, elected officials, and other stakeholders to impact immigration policy, and provides analysis of policies and their impact on Latino families in Illinois.
Cover Photo Courtesy: Welcome to Illinois
Publisherâ€™s Notes: Social and Community Context is one of the five determinants of health. IL Latino News, part of theÂ Latino News Network (LNN)Â applies solutions journalism coverage in investigating the responses to social problems, providing insights by evaluating the evidence of what is working and not working, including what can be learned from the limitations (of a response).
IL Latino News partners with the Latino Policy Forum in best serving the Hispanic-Latino community.
The Fund aims to strengthen inclusion, further empower a diverse news ecosystem, and specifically support small and medium-sized publishers creating original journalism for underrepresented audiences worldwide.
ILLN is one of six local newsrooms in the Midwest and Northeast that the Latino News Network (LNN) oversees. LNNâ€™s mission is to provide greater visibility and voice to Hispanics-Latinos, amplify the work of others in doing the same, give young journalists mentoring and real work experience, and apply the principles of solutions journalism in its investigative reporting.
Recently, LNN partnered with Be The Ones to help constituents be well-informed and prepared to participate in down-ballot races (local & state races) this November. The multi-layered communication and education campaign equipped voters with accessible, clear, factual information to better understand which positions were on the ballot and how those officials impact issues like reproductive justice and voting access.
Collaboration and inclusion are best practices our newsroom adopted from the Democracy SOS fellowship. ILLN is one of 20 U.S.-based newsrooms elected to participate in the Hearken and the Solutions Journalism Network (SJN) fellowship, committed to building understanding, trust, and engagement.
ILLN is also publishing a series of stories on period poverty in Illinois supported by the USC-Annenberg Center for Health Journalism. ILLN Editor and Reporter Annabel Rocha was selected as a 2022 National Fellow to explore challenges impacting child, youth, and family health and well-being in the U.S.
Healthcare and quality, one of the five determinants of health and democracy are the focus of LNNâ€™s in-depth coverage investigating the responses to social problems, providing insights by evaluating the evidence of what is working and not working, including what can be learned from the limitations (of a response).
â€œWe are grateful to the Google News Initiative for strengthening the work of the Latino News Network (ILLN, WILN, CTLN, RILN, NHLN, MALN) in informing and empowering the Hispanic-Latino community with transparency, integrity, and heart,â€� said Hugo Balta, Owner, and Publisher of LNN.
COVID-19 wreaked havoc on the United States Latino community. The pandemic devastated the communityâ€™s health primarily because of long-standing structural inequities. However, it also exacerbated those disparities by adding a socioeconomic crisis, strengthening barriers to education, and exhausting the quality of neighborhoods and built environments. In essence, COVID-19 negatively impacted the social determinants of health that will negatively impact Latinos for decades.
It is for that reason that the Latino News Network (LNN) is shifting its resources to solutions journalism coverage investigating the responses to social problems, providing insights by evaluating the evidence of what is working and not working, including what can be learned from the limitations (of a response).
New Hampshire Latino News (NHLN), and itâ€™s five sister LNN newsrooms in New England and the Midwest will achieve this by:
Before making assumptions about what communities need to know, we commit to genuinely listening to them through surveys and in-person and virtual events to provide information that theyâ€™re missing.
We will partner with trusted organizations that help us increase accessibility to the public, broaden the reach of our coverage and prevent misinformation.
Generate â€œgood conflictâ€� around divisive issues and problems, allowing people and teams to discuss and debate the responses.
Commit to the on going examination of issues that can help communities see â€” and work toward building a better society.
NHLN sees the public as more than just the audience; you are contributors. To that end, please take our brief survey to help shape our coverage in producing stories on the social determinants of health: healthcare and quality, neighborhood and built environment, education access and quality, social and community context, and economic stability.
The Latino News Network (LNN) oversees five independent statewide coverage, Hispanic-Latino editorial focus English language news and information websites in New England and the Midwest.
LNNâ€™s mission is to provide greater visibility and voice to Hispanics-Latinos, amplify the work of others in doing the same, give young journalists mentoring and real work experience, and apply the principles of solutions journalism in its investigative reporting.
Welcome to the very first episode of Wisconsin Latino News Opinion+ where we talk about major issues the Latinx and other underrepresented communities face in the state of Wisconsin. For this inaugural episode we spoke with two members of Milwaukee Women inc (MWi) about their efforts towards equitable leadership.
Milwaukee Women inc is an organization of professional women focused on changing the face and quality of leadership in the Wisconsin business community by increasing the number of women corporate directors. The group recently published their 2022 Research Report, â€œCelebrating 20 Years of Advancing Inclusive Leadership.â€�
The report found that MWiâ€™s goal for women to fill 25 percent of director roles in Wisconsin was met early. 26.3 percent of director seats in Wisconsinâ€™s top 50 public companies are currently held by women.
â€œWith all the data and the numbers clearly demonstrating the overall value that diversity, equity and inclusion brings, I think [it] really helped MWi achieve its goal of 25 percent by 2025,â€� said Kim Stoll, Chair of MWi and Vice President of Sales & Marketing at Badger Meter.
The statistics were much lower for women of color. In fact, only 5.7 percent of these roles are held by women of color, equating to 26 women. This number increased from last yearâ€™s report, but still displays the disparities that exist for BIPOC.
â€œOf those 26 only three are Latinas,â€� explained Nancy Hernandez, MWi Steering Committee member and President of the Hispanic Collaborative. â€œBut I think that we are seeing more women, Latinas especially, going through higher education, getting into different levels of managerial ranks and experiences and in the c-suite.â€�
Both Hernandez and Stoll remain optimistic that the continued efforts of MWi and other organizations, along with companiesâ€™ desires to be more inclusive, will lead to a continual increase of women in leadership roles.
â€œThere are women out there. Boards and companies just have to make an intentional effort and cast, perhaps, a wider net to find those candidates,â€� said Stoll.
Welcome to another episode of Rhode Island Latino News Opinion+, where we talk about major issues the Latinx and other underrepresented communities face in the community.
This week we spoke with Deputy Director Stephanie Geller of Rhode Island KIDS COUNT about youth homelessness, childrenâ€™s mental health, and educational support for multilingual learners within Rhode Island.Â
RI Kids Count is a nonprofit organization based in Providence that has served children, youth, and their families across the Ocean State since 1994.
Deputy Director Geller first discussed RI Kids Countâ€™s research and efforts to support children and youth experiencing poverty & homelessness across the state.
Last April, Rhode Island was declared to be in a state of emergency in child and adolescent mental health care. Geller spoke on RI Kids Countsâ€™ recommended stepsâ€”published in this reportâ€”to address the issue, which included addressing the workforce crisis.
â€œWeâ€™re seeing long waiting lists for a lot of different social services including mental health because we donâ€™t have enough of mental health providers because weâ€™re not adequately paying them,â€� Geller explained. â€œSo, we really need to look at those fees and make sure we provide adequate payment so that we can have access to more providers in our communities.â€�
The same report by RI Kids Count found that youth of color were more likely to have their mental health impacted by the pandemic and they were much less likely to receive mental health treatment.
â€œOne barrier is that thereâ€™s a lack of culturally competent and linguistically competent providers so we need to provide access points for more diverse mental health providers to enter the field and for us to provide mental health providers [who] speak all languages that children and families need access to,â€� Geller said.
â€œWe really need to look at diversity as an asset but we also need to be aware of the disparities we see in childrenâ€™s economic well-being, educational outcomes, etc. by race and ethnicity and really be honest about the reasons for those disparities and then try to topple them,â€� Geller said.
Geller also discussed the importance of looking at access to college and generally supporting multilingual students as the state has seen lower rates of high school graduation for multilingual learners than primarily-English speakers.
â€œOnly 23% of Latino students in the class of 2021 went directly to college, compared to 46% of white students,â€� Geller shared. â€œSo, we really need to think about giving people the financial opportunities, and the guidance cousel[ing] they need, and providing them the support if theyâ€™re learning Englishâ€¦so they can succeed because we know education is the primary way out of poverty for many families.â€�
Behavioral Health Triage Service and Referral Network for Children and Youth
Kidsâ€™ Link RI is a behavioral health triage service and referral network. A program offered in collaboration with Gateway Healthcare, Lifespan, Hasbro Children’s Hospital and Bradley Hospital, Kidsâ€™ Link RI is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week to help triage children and youth in need of mental health services and refer them to treatment providers.â€‹Â
Contact Kids’ Link RI at 1-855-543-5465 â€” The free, confidential phone line connects parents and caregivers to an experienced clinician that can help them access childrenâ€™s services in Rhode Island, and determine the best place to go for treatment and counseling.
Kamyle Dunn used to sleep with her hand resting on her motherâ€™s chest so she could feel it expand and contract and know that her mom hadnâ€™t stopped breathing during the night.
Dunnâ€™s mother, Maria Cotto, has long had severe asthma. Dunn inherited the condition, though she has mostly grown out of it as an adult. Now, Dunnâ€™s 12-year-old son also has severe asthma.
â€œPeople kind of shrug it off as not that big of a deal,â€� said Dunn, who lives with her family in East Harford. â€œBut I see what itâ€™s done to my mother, and I see what itâ€™s doing to my son, and what it has done to me.â€�
In Connecticut, 10.6% of children and 10.5% of adults have asthma, according to state data from 2019. According to DataHavenâ€™s 2021 Community Wellbeing survey, 12% of adults have asthma.
Asthma does not impact all people equally.
â€œIn the state of Connecticut, similarly to other states in the country, this condition disproportionately affects minority populations, including African Americans and Hispanics,â€� said Dr. Mario Perez, an assistant professor of medicine at UConn Health who studies asthma disparities and who Cotto sees for her asthma.
DataHavenâ€™s survey found that 11% of white, 13% of Black, and 21% of Latino adults have asthma.
Economics also seems to play a role. Only 6% of adults in wealthy towns have asthma, while 16% of adults in cities like New Haven, Waterbury, Hartford and Bridgeport have the condition. In addition, 19% of adults earning less than $30,000 per year have asthma, compared to only 9% of those earning $100,000 per year.
â€œResidents in city centers are typically three to four times more likely to visit the emergency room with an asthma diagnosis than residents of outer suburban areas,â€� said Mark Abraham, executive director, DataHaven.
Air Quality And Geography
Connecticut has long been known as the â€œtailpipe of the nationâ€� due to pollution that drifts in from other states. The 2022 State of the Air report from the American Lung Association gave every Connecticut county a poor grade for ozone levels. Fairfield, Middlesex, New Haven and New London all received a grade of F, while Tolland and Windham counties received D grades, and Hartford and Litchfield were each given a C.
â€œWe know that environmental factors, particularly factors such as air pollution, can be associated and contribute to the disease and to disease flare,â€� Perez said.
A 2009 study of New Haven County children recruited from the Yale Asthma Care Center found an increased risk of symptoms and inhaler use in children with asthma who had exposure to traffic-related fine particles.
Additionally, some research has suggested a link between crime and asthma rates, which highlights the need for healthier communities overall. â€œHaving the sense that your neighborhood is more secure actually decreases the rate of asthma and asthma exacerbations,â€� Perez says.
City Risk Factors And Glimmers Of Hope
Robert Carmon, 11, who recently moved from New Haven to West Haven, developed asthma as an infant and was rushed to the hospital by his parents on a near-weekly basis during the early years of his life. Robert has improved since C-HIT first reported on him in 2018, but the condition still impacts his life. Heâ€™d like to play on the basketball team at school but canâ€™t because he worries his asthma will flare up. â€œI can play pickup games as long as I donâ€™t play too hard,â€� he said.
The frequency of his trips to the emergency room has decreased, but he still goes to the hospital about once every month or so, said Robertâ€™s father, Chaz Carmon.
Stories such as Robertâ€™s are common in Connecticut cities. In recent years they have ranked high in the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of Americaâ€™s annual Asthma Capitals Report, but this year saw marked improvement. Hartford moved from 17th worst to 69th on the list, Bridgeport dropped to 85th, from 29th in 2021, while New Haven dropped from 5th to 90th.
â€œNew Haven saw the biggest positive jump in rank of all the 100 metropolitan statistical areas that we analyze,â€� said Hannah Jaffee, a research analyst with the Asthma and Allergy Foundation.
However, people shouldnâ€™t read too much into the improved rankings because this yearâ€™s list was created based on different data sources than previous years. For example, insurance claims were examined instead of the self-reported surveys used previously. In addition, more localized data was utilized rather than the county-level data used for the report in previous years.
Even still, Jaffee said, the three most populous counties have seen some improvement.
â€œWhen we do look at the county-level data that we previously used asthma prevalence rates for Fairfield, Hartford and New Haven county, theyâ€™ve all declined over the past five years,â€� she said. The death rate has also generally declined in those three counties over the past 20 years, Jaffee added.
Improving Asthma Rates
Proven strategies for reducing asthma incidence and severity include working to ensure all residents have access to culturally competent health care and improving indoor and outdoor air quality for those in cities.
â€œAsthma triggers can be mitigated through housing quality improvements like better air conditioning filters and education for families about what the triggers might be. If youâ€™re running a gas stove for cooking, and you donâ€™t have good ventilation, itâ€™s producing a lot of air pollution inside.â€�
â€” Mark Abraham, executive director, DataHaven
The Connecticut Asthma Program is a state-run initiative attempting to decrease asthma disparities through partnerships with health care providers while providing education about the condition and expanding access to Connecticutâ€™s asthma home visiting program. The state has also promoted the Centers for Disease Control and Preventionâ€™s (CDC) EXHALE framework for asthma management.
Perez says that the most effective interventions will take place before a patient ever arrives in front of him. â€œI think we as a society have to address everything from the environmental pollution and climate that weâ€™re creating as humans to improving education and access to health care, but also improving the socio-economic status of the population in general.â€�
In the meantime, some say more can be done individually to help those with asthma. For instance, while Robertâ€™s current school allows him to keep his asthma pump on hand, he wasnâ€™t allowed to do that in the past. â€œThey always said you have to keep your bag in your locker,â€� he said. That could cause asthma attacks to get out of control before he could get to his pump.
His father adds that each school should have a nebulizer in the nurseâ€™s office with staff trained to administer asthma medication. That way, a student â€œcan be on the nebulizer at least until the parents get there,â€� Carmon says, and if the nebulizer helps enough, the student might be able to return to class.
Cotto says itâ€™s important for medical staff to remember that each patient is different. Cotto horrifyingly learned this when she was given epinephrine during an emergency asthma flare. While the medication can be helpful to some patients, it nearly killed her.
â€œIâ€™m allergic to it. When they administered it to me, my heart stopped,â€� she said. When this happened in 2013, she ended up in a coma for 22 days.
After Cottoâ€™s coma, her asthma worsened, and she could not leave the house without oxygen for many years. In 2014 she began seeing Perez, who took the time to figure out her specific triggers and a treatment plan that worked for her. Though she struggles at times, her asthma is more under control than it has been in years.
â€œHe tried a whole bunch of different medications and finally found one that works for me,â€� Cotto says. â€œIâ€™m actually able to leave the house without oxygen.â€� Thatâ€™s something she hasnâ€™t done for nearly a decade.
You can find out more about asthma in Connecticut and asthma management in general by visiting the following sites: