Hispanic and Latino Americans are the fastest growing racial and ethnic group in the U.S. electorate since the last midterm elections, with about 34.5 million Hispanics and Latinos eligible to vote in 2022.
While the turnout for Hispanic and Latino voters nationwide has increased over the past decade, they still fall behind other groups. Hispanic and Latino voters face a variety of barriers, but efforts to limit voter access are increasing across the country.
Democracy doesnâ€™t properly work when people and communities are blocked or prevented from participating within local, state, and national elections.
Expanding voting access across the country ensures that communities are accurately and justly represented by its elected officials.
In Massachusetts, there has been progress in expanding voting access as Gov. Charlie Baker signed early in-person voting permanently into law on June 22.
Practices such as voting by mail and in-person early voting were first implemented in 2020 as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
“The system of allowing [voting] in one short window, is one that has precluded many people in the past,” said Editor-In-Chief Matt DeRienzo of The Center for Public Integrity. “These changes are really leveling the playing field.”
Advocating for and increasing voting access includes expanding early voting, online voter registration, and same-day voter registration.
In 2020, non-traditional voting â€” all types of non-election day voting including vote-by-mail and absentee voting â€” accounted for about 69.4% of the vote, according to Deliver My Vote Executive Director Amanda Pohl.
â€œVote-by-mail programs and any early-voting program does provide greater access to the ballot and that supports the basic foundation of our democracy,â€� said Pohl.
â€œWe had the highest turnout election in modern history,â€� she added. â€œWe had more people of color [and] young people votingâ€¦and more people accessing the ballot who otherwise,â€� would have not be able to.
Nonprofit leaders at the Vote Local Day discussion on Vote By Mail & Voter IDâ€™s emphasized that the rate of vote-by-mail has increased over the years. They also spoke on how early-voting, vote-by-mail, and absentee ballots have led to greater and more diverse participation throughout the country.
â€œThose accessible programs do increase access to voting for disenfranchised communities, especially, and we have some research that we released in February that also shows that young voters and especially voters of color are more likely to vote if theyâ€™re given vote-by-mail options,â€� Pohl said in the discussion.
Although data has found that expanding voter access results in higher participation rates among communities, officials across the U.S. are working to backtrack some of these laws.
â€œAs soon as those things happened, we immediately saw states starting to clamp down on voting methodologiesâ€¦Weâ€™re also seeing backlash from legislatures that donâ€™t want to see that increased participation,â€� Pohl said.
Since May, almost 400 restrictive bills have been introduced in legislatures across the nation. Some restrictions deny assistance to voters with limited English proficiency, according to the Brennan Center.
â€œOver the past 18 months, there has been a wave of anti-voter bills introduced and passed across the country, many of them designed to undermine the growing political power of Latinos and other communities of color,â€� wrote the Brennan Center.
Research by the Brennan Center would support the idea that the ongoing increase in voter restrictions are strongly motivated/influenced by â€œracial backlashâ€�.
â€œRacial Backlashâ€� is a theory that â€œdescribes how white Americans respond to a perceived erosion of power and status by undermining the political opportunities of minorities,â€� according to the Brennan Center.
MA residents can register by mail, in person, or online by Oct. 29; residents are not able to register on Election Day.
Learn about the different types of registration at:
Not sure if youâ€™re registered? Check your registration status at:
Mail voter registration must be postmarked by Oct. 29 to be eligible. Multilingual forms including English and Spanish are available here: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/eleifv/howreg.htm
Online registration ends Oct. 29 EST. Register here: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/OVR/
In-person registration also ends Oct. 29. Residents may register at any local election office, the Elections Division of the Secretary of the Commonwealth’s office, the Registry of Motor Vehicles, and at certain public assistance agencies, according to the Secretary of Stateâ€™s website.
Early voting is available between Oct. 11 – Nov. 4. Learn more at:
Submitting an Absentee Ballot:
Any MA resident can request a mail-in ballot either by Nov. 1 at 5 p.m. through mail, in-person, or online at: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/MailInRequestWeb/MailInBallot.aspx
Track your mail-in ballot at:
The mail request form for an absentee ballots is solely available in English at: https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/Vote-by-Mail-Paper-Application-2022-AVBM.pdf
Absentee or Mail-In Ballots must be received by mail or in-person by Nov. 8 at 8 p.m. EST.
On Nov. 8, MA Polls are open 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. although towns are able to open at 5:45 a.m. (any resident standing in line at the polls at 8 p.m. is able to vote.)
Locate a polling place near you at:
For more general information on Voting in MA:
Be The Ones English Local Voter Guide
Be The Ones Spanish Local Voter Guide
Vote.org Poll Locator – https://www.vote.org/polling-place-locator/
MassVote Website – https://www.massvote.org/
Publisherâ€™s note: MA Latino News, under the Latino News Network umbrella, has put together this informational guide with the help of our partner Be The Ones, to help voters make informed decisions not only at the polls, but in their engagement with democracy going forward.