ILLN Opinion+: Claudia SIlva-Hernandez

On this week’s episode of Illinois Latino Opinion+, Claudia Silva-Hernandez, who is running for Cook County Circuit Court Judge, joined to discuss her campaign and why she thinks she should be elected.

Silva-Hernandez grew up in the south suburbs of Dalton and Flossmoor, areas which both have low Hispanic-Latino populations. She says that growing up, educators thought she didn’t understand English, because she was bilingual and because she was a shy child. It made her feel invisible during her school years, but she says it now motivates her to try to prevent others from feeling that way while they navigate the legal process.

“So that’s really one of my driving forces for wanting to be a judge is I want to make people feel visible. I know what it’s like to feel marginalized or scared or to feel out of place, and I think a lot of litigants who come to our courtroom these days definitely feel like the cards are stacked up against them,� she said.

Silva-Hernandez’s legal experience includes positions at the Chicago Housing Authority, Will County Public Defender’s, and the Clerk’s Office of the Circuit of Cook County, among others. She says that she’s held each of these roles with the intention of helping others and feels like they’ve all contributed to preparing her for the potential role as Cook County Circuit Court Judge.

She said, “not only am I Latina, but I’m also someone who cares and someone who always makes it a point to connect with other people, to make people feel seen, to make people feel welcomed, and I think that’s an important key takeaway.�

Silva-Hernandez is a candidate in the primary election, which will be held on June 28, 2022. The general election takes place on November 8, 2022.

Resources mentioned in this video:

Silva-Hernandez’s campaign website:

Circuit Court of Cook County Judge Directory:

Silva-Hernandez for Judge on Facebook:

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Blood and Booze: The history of Cinco de Mayo

The images that come to mind for most United States residents when thinking of Cinco de Mayo are of Mexican flags, sombreros, long mustaches, tequila and, in general, a vibe of celebration and partying. But, where did this celebration come from and how has it changed with the passage of time?

It was late morning of May 5, 1862, when the Mexican soldiers defending the city of Puebla saw the French army marching towards their position. These were dark days for the nation of Mexico. They had lost half their lands to the United States less than two decades ago, the crippling debt to European nations had impoverished the whole country, the division between conservatives and liberals could not get any deeper and now the French army had come to claim Mexico as their own.

These young and inexperienced Mexican soldiers would never have believed that some hours later they would be celebrating as the French army, the one that had at the start of the century started a war with all of Europe and nearly won, was retreating under heavy rain.

“Yes, we celebrate the victory of the Mexican army over the French army that invaded Mexico, it is known as the Battle of Puebla,â€� said Benjamín Villanueva García, a 43-year-old resident of Cancún, Mexico. “In Mexico it is more of a patriotic celebration, in the sense that a foreign invading army was defeated.â€�

The memory of this battle brings pride to most Mexicans. At the time, the idea of Mexico as a sovereign nation was constantly being challenged both by external and internal forces. And the victory at Puebla seemed like a reason to feel pride and hope; like the impossible was possible.

Juan Mora-Torres, an associate professor of Latin American History at DePaul University and author of the book “The Making of the Mexican Border,â€� told  The DePaulia what Cinco De Mayo means to him.

“Since its independence, [Mexico] had been a divided country, no sense of nationhood, all kinds of political conflicts and military conflicts among themselves,� he said. “They lost half the territory to the U.S. Things were not going well. Right? So [the Battle of Puebla] was like the first sense of something good happening since the independence.�.

Sadly, it was short-lived. France continued its campaign to take control of Mexico and ended up succeeding in installing Maximilian I as Emperor of Mexico. But the Battle of Puebla ended up becoming a powerful symbol for Mexicans living in the United States.

Mora-Torres suggests that the date is still remembered not necessarily because the victory had important implications at the time, but because it resonated with other struggles that Mexicans — and later the whole Latino community — were facing in the U.S. As the years passed, different generations of Latinos in the U.S. could see their own struggles against immensely strong forces as parallels to what happened in Puebla centuries ago.

“Every generation gets a different meaning from the Cinco de Mayo,� he said. “And in my case, the youth of my generation found value in that because that was the moment of the Civil Rights Movement.�

Delia Cosentino, acting chair of Latin American and Latino Studies and associate professor of History of Art and Architecture at DePaul University, had a similar view on the subject.

“For those who do know the history, it makes sense to want to celebrate a David and Goliath sort of fight in which the less powerful player wins the battle (i.e. Mexico vs. France),â€� Cosentino said. “It could be an analogy for marginalized communities in the U.S. feeling empowered in the face of Anglo political and social aggressions toward Latinos and Mexican Americans in particular.â€� 

“Any holiday that brings people of a shared heritage together can serve as a form of social glue, giving an emboldened sense of commonality,� she continued.

East Los Angeles, March 5, 1968. It started with the students at Garfield High School organizing a walkout and it ended up with thousands of Latino students walking out of their own schools all around the city. Not even the police were able to silence the Chicano movement that demanded to be listened to.

These students stood against structural racism in the government that stripped them of their rights and their identities, and against the day-to-day racism that kept them away from opportunities of a better life and from the respect they deserved. They hoped that one day they would beat the odds and wake up in a country that did not treat them as second-class citizens.

Today, Cinco de Mayo is celebrated in the United States with folkloric dances and Mariachis, with sombreros and fireworks, but especially copious amounts of beer and tequila. According to Nielsen, a data and market measurement firm, more than $735 million worth of beer and related malt beverages was bought in the U.S. in 2016’s Cinco de Mayo.

Mora-Torres explains when there’s money to be made, companies will take advantage. Margaritas, tequila, Mexican beers, nachos — all of these have become a part of the celebration of Cinco de Mayo. 

“You have to celebrate,� Mora-Torres said. “Now the celebration has taken over and the politics have been neglected, right? But every generation will find some value in the Cinco de Mayo.�

“In my generation, it was about civil rights,� Mora-Torres said. “And so, the young people got to find their agenda. And I think they will use the Cinco de Mayo as a metaphor, because it is an event that highlights the David against the Goliath struggle […] But I have no problem celebrating. Okay. It has been a very long winter. We have been two years with Covid.�

It is May of 2022, Chicago. While we go through a winter that does not want to end, I write this article in my room as the sun sets. As a Latino student in the U.S., I cannot keep my mind away from the current struggles: how there are still people being treated as illegal for making a hard decision to forge a better future for themselves, or how still the stereotypes around Latinos frame what we are expected to be capable of or how neighborhoods with a majority of Latino population are being neglected even in a city that prides itself of being liberal. In the end, I feel relief, because I know that the reason why David beats Goliath is because he never stops throwing stones.

Cover Graphic by La DePaulia multimedia assistant, Frankie Perez. 

Santiago Posada-Jaramillo is the Opinions Editor of La DePaulia. He enjoys politics, history, psychology, and video game design. He is from Colombia and new to the U.S. Santiago is a graduate student part of the MFA Game Design program at DePaul University. He decided to join La DePaulia because he believes that an informed community can make the world a better place. 

Email him at

Publisher’s Notes: You can read Santiago Posada-Jaramillo’s Spanish language version of Blood and Booze: The history of Cinco de Mayo by clicking on Sangre y alcohol: la historia del Cinco de Mayo.

Illinois Latino News (ILLN) and La DePaulia are partners in best serving the Hispanic-Latino community.

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Illinois Latina leaders pave the way forward for 2022 elections

Delia Ramirez, Illinois’s state representative for the 4th District, is poised to play a pivotal role in the 2022 congressional elections. Not only is she running for the state’s newly drawn 3rd Congressional District, but if elected, she would make history as the first Latina congresswoman from the Midwest.

“It’s about making sure that every woman can see themselves in every space of power,â€� Ramirez said. “Because when we arrive, we are that wild dream realized.â€�

Born and raised in Humboldt Park, the daughter of Guatemalan immigrants, Delia Ramirez comes from a long line of resilient women; her mother crossed the border when she was pregnant with Delia during her first trimester. “This woman wanted to be in this country because she wanted her daughter to have more than she ever had,� Ramirez said.

She started her career volunteering at shelters to help people find housing and jobs and worked her way up to become a state representative. When there was an open seat in the State House, the people she had helped through the years started asking her to run. “And I said, ‘oh, why me?’ Someone should run but not me. And part of the reason was because I hadn’t seen a young Latina in these spaces,� she said.

Ramirez was among several Illinois Latina candidates who discussed the importance of making space for Latino and female voices in the 2022 elections at the Latinas in Politics forum discussion, which took place at the Hubbard Inn on April 27th.

The panel, which was conducted by the Latina Executives and Entrepreneurs Network (LEEN), featured voices from prominent Illinois representatives such as Illinois State Senator Karina Villa, Maria Reyes, the candidate for the DuPage County Commission Board, Leticia Garcia, the candidate for the Cook County Commission Board, and Claudia Silva-Hernandez, who is running as a judge candidate in the Cook County elections.

May be an image of 9 people and text

Latina representation in politics is more important now than ever before, as only about 3 percent of the voting senators and representatives in Congress are Latinas, despite accounting for as much as 16 percent of the female workforce, according to NBC News.

Even though there’s been a 75 percent increase in the number of Latino elected officials in the past two decades, Latinos make up less than 2 percent of all elected officials in the country, according to the National Association of Latino Elected Officials (NALEO). 

In Illinois, 17.5 percent of the total population identify as Hispanic or Latino, highlighting the need for increased Latino representation in leadership. The Illinois Latino Legislative Caucus currently has 15 elected official members, taking up 9 out of the 118 seats in the Illinois House of Representatives and 6 of the 59 seats in the Illinois Senate.

Ramirez isn’t the only Latina who had to work her way to the top from humble beginnings. State Senator Karina Villa (D-West Chicago) was a school social worker for 15 years before she decided to transition into politics.

Born and raised in DuPage County, Senator Villa only saw white male Republican representation growing up, everywhere from Congress to the State Senate. “I said, why not?” she said when asked what inspired her to run for politics. “Our students need it, our students are suffering, and I didn’t know what to do. Where are the leaders? Why aren’t they here? Why aren’t they listening to the needs of my students?”

Villa said she had never aspired to run for politics, but the need for change led her to go door-to-door, talking to voters, and eventually become a member of the Illinois State Senate for the 25th District.

Cook County Judge candidate Claudia Silva-Hernandez who is running for election in June, said, “I remember sitting in my classes when I was in grade school and feeling kind of invisible and wanting desperately for the teacher to call on me so I can read the paragraph and so they can see that I was smart too, just like everybody else.�

Silva-Hernandez felt the need to run for election because she wanted to prove to others that just because she spoke Spanish didn’t mean that she was any less capable than her peers. “So I want to provide for people who come before us for judge[ship] so that they don’t feel invisible like I did when I was a child,” she said.

The Latina leaders in the panel talked about the need to stop expecting others to step up for them and be the change they want to see in Illinois politics.

Rep. Dagmara Avelar, D-Bolingbrook discussed the tendency among Latina women to “support whoever wants to run� but shy away from running in the elections themselves and said that it was important to change that narrative.
“We never really look back and say like, why not us?� she pointed out.
This reluctance among Latina women to run for elections could be because the lack of Latina representation in state and national politics leads to feelings of uncertainty regarding their political ambitions.

“As Latinas, we can have all the master’s degrees in the world, we can pass 17 pieces of legislation, we can be the ones moving things first in the nation…and we still ask ourselves: are we good enough?â€� Ramirez said.

She looked at the crowd of people present at the panel, some of whom were journalists, some of whom were there because of an interest in Illinois politics, and many of whom were Latina women themselves, and said, “So, what I want to say to all of you here is you are more than good enough­– as entrepreneurs, as nonprofit leaders, and as women who are lifting other women, you are more than good enough.�

Cover photo: Latinas in Politics forum, Hubbard Inn, April 27 (Courtesy of Apps Mandar Bichu).

Apps Mandar Bichu is a graduate student journalist pursuing a Masters of Science in Journalism at Northwestern University.

She is currently interning at The Chicago Reporter and Illinois Latino News (ILLN).

She specializes in multimedia journalism and is passionate about social justice reporting, travel journalism, and all forms of content creation.

You can follow her on Twitter at @ApoorvaaBichu and on LinkedIn: Apoorvaa “Apps” Bichu, or check out her website to learn more about her work:

Publisher’s Notes: ILLN is collaborating with Northwestern University Medill School of Journalism, Media, Integrated Marketing Communications in providing students with mentoring and real work experiences. As such ILLN is part of the professional partnerships within the Social Justice Specialization and as part of Medill’s Metro Media Lab.

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Organ Donation: A Birthday Story

“Cumpleaños feliz, te deseamos a ti,” our family sang “Happy Birthday,” to my wife, Adriana. “Cumpleaños felices,” we raised our voices as she celebrated another year with her new liver. Adriana had suffered from polycystic liver disease, a rare condition that causes cysts (fluid-filled sacs) to grow throughout the liver until the selflessness of a young woman saved her life.

Soon after the birth of our first child in 2003, my wife’s aggressive form of the disease became even more severe, deforming her organ further. A healthy liver has a smooth appearance weighing between three and three and a half pounds. Adriana’s polycystic liver looking like a cluster of large grapes, weighed just over 20 pounds when it was removed.

The enlarged liver displaced her other organs, complicating her overall health; Adriana would surely die without a transplant. Her medical miracle happened in her native Colombia. An organ donor, a woman who unfortunately died in an accident, was a match with Adriana.

In general, about 75 percent of people who undergo liver transplants live for at least five years, according to the Mayo Clinic That means that for every 100 people who receive a liver transplant for any reason, about 75 will live for five years and 25 will die within five years. Adriana celebrated 17 years with her new liver last November.

Adriana celebrates her birthday in April 2022

April is National Donate Life Month. Doctors and advocates say it’s more important than ever to bring attention to the need for organ donors. Approximately every 10 minutes, another person is added to the national waiting list.

I became an organ donor soon after Adriana’s liver transplant. Before then, I was like many Hispanics-Latinos, who are less likely to donate organs than Americans as a whole, according to organ donation experts. Hispanics-Latinos are disproportionately in need of donor organs and are less likely to consent to donation than their non-Hispanic counterparts, reports the National Library of Medicine.

“We have transformed the way that they’re thinking and looking at … organ transplantation,” said Dr. Juan Carlos Caicedo, organ transplant surgeon and the director of the Hispanic Transplant Program at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago. In an interview on WTTW’s Latino Voices, Dr. Caicedo told me that his team of 50 medical professionals at Northwestern Medicine’s Hispanic Transplant Program helps break down language and cultural barriers in the Hispanic-Latino community. “To be able to do it in their own language – knowing their culture, because our team is bilingual and bicultural — and removing all the language barriers and cultural barriers, we have been able to engage them in a positive way,” he said.

Last year, nephrologists at Loyola University Medical Center told Adriana that her kidneys, which suffer from polycystic kidney disease (PKD), were giving out. PKD is another inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within one’s kidneys, causing them to enlarge and lose function over time. As a result, Adriana is quickly reaching the point of needing dialysis. 

I quickly volunteered to be tested to see if I could be a living donor for my wife.

Transplant patients are often reluctant to consider an organ from their spouses because the organs may not be a good match in blood and tissue type. Poor matching can cause the recipient’s immune system to reject the organ.

But a report in the journal Dialysis and Transplantation found that kidney transplantation from spousal donors “has comparable outcomes to those of other living-unrelated donors, and shortens the time spent on the waiting list.�

Adriana and I on the town

Adriana is on that list, and the wait could be as long as three years. Happily, Adriana and I learned that I am a solid match to donate my kidney to her. We will have the surgery in June.

There are more than 100,000 people currently on the national transplant waiting list.

Current statistics show that Americans belonging to minority groups make up nearly 60 percent of those waiting for an organ transplant.  Although a transplant can be successful regardless of the race or ethnicity of the donor and recipient, there is a greater chance of longer-term survival for the recipient if the genetic background of the donor and recipient are closely matched.  

Please consider becoming an organ donor. Americans from every community are needed to help make a life-saving difference. Persons who register as organ donors can save up to eight lives and enhance the lives of 75 others.

Some of those donations can take place while you’re living. For example, living donors can give a lung, kidney, or part of their liver, which can almost regrow to its original size.

Next year, my family hopes to add a June birthday for Adriana, the first of many celebrating her new kidney, our family’s love, and the gift of life.

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ILLN Opinion+: Robert Rodriguez

On this week’s episode of Illinois Latino News Opinion+, Dr. Robert Rodriguez, president and founder of DRR Advisors, joined us for a discussion about businesses measuring inclusivity and accepting accountability for the lack of Latinos in leadership roles. He also stressed the power in Latinidad and identity.

DRR Advisors is a firm that consults businesses in building various inclusion initiatives and Latino talent management programs. He has worked with many companies in industries spanning from banking to transportation and while their business ventures range, many of them operate with similar outlooks toward their Latino staff. He says that one of the common factors in the past has been a lack of accountability on the company’s end and the mindset that their Latino employees have not reached leadership roles due to their own issues that need to be “fixed.�

“‘Cause we’re not broke, I’m not fixing anybody but the companies that get it are the ones that say, Robert, help us. Help us as an organization that will create the conditions that nurture their success. Help us improve the systems that we have in place regarding identifying top talent, help us make sure that Latinos aren’t over mentored and under sponsored,� he said.

He says that now many more companies are taking accountability for the systems that have traditionally prevented Latinos from progressing.

Dr. Rodriguez also spoke about his personal struggle in forming his sense of identity as a Mexican-American growing up in the Midwest, and how entering corporate America complicated it further.

“I didn’t embrace my Hispanic heritage. I was never ashamed of it, I just didn’t see it as something that served me well,� he said.

Dr. Rodriguez says that he grew out of this mindset and realized the strength of his bicultural perspective that came from his Hispanic background. He says that he now encourages young Latinos to approach identity and ethnicity on their own terms.

“But what I tell folks is whatever your sense of identity is, you own it, you determine it. Don’t let somebody else determine it for you and as I talk to many young Hispanics, that’s what they’re finding,� he said.

As a writer, Dr. Rodriguez has converted these lessons he’s learned through personal experience and research into the written word, making the information he sought during the early stages of his career readily available for Latinos looking for guidance, something he says he did not have.

“And the reason I wrote it is ‘cause I think there was a story that needed to be told that we are a powerful community, that we contribute a lot to this society and that we are a callus for economic growth. Now that I’ve written three books, I’m super excited now to see more and more Latinos writing books and getting published because our stories need to be told and I’m glad that there’s an audience for those books,” he said.

Resources mentioned in this video:

Auténtico, Second Edition by Dr. Robert Rodriguez and Andrés T. Tapia

DRR Advisors’ Website:

Autentico: The Definitive Guide to Latino Career Success

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Reform Racist Permit Process In OrderTo Build A Healthier Southeast Side

City officials made the right decision by denying General Iron’s permit, but something is clearly wrong when it takes four excruciating years â€“ for everyone involved â€“ to settle a permit dispute. The fight was so intense that it even led to an intervention from federal agencies. Ultimately, it demonstrated the glaring flaws and systemic racism embedded in the permitting process for industry and the urgent need to reform zoning and land-use laws in Chicago. 

From the first day that we heard about the proposed move of General Iron from Lincoln Park to our neighborhood, Southeast Siders didn’t want a facility with a history of fires, explosions, and all the other problems that made residents of Lincoln Park call for it to be shut down for years. We knew that if this facility received a permit, it would be shredding entire cars down the street from George Washington High School for years to come.

As a lifelong Southeast Sider, I’ve lost count of the toxic industries that are allowed to open up shop near me. Every time a new one piles into the neighborhood, there is little transparency, community participation or accountability in the process. 

It seems that we are a sacrifice zone to polluters and that the city’s zoning laws are designed to keep us buried in industry. To Southeast Siders, these laws are not all that different from the redlining that cut deep race divisions between Chicago’s neighborhoods that maintained inequities for communities of color. 

The city’s history of segregation and racism has forced communities of color to suffer a lesser quality of life than wealthy white residents for decades. 

According to the CDPH’s Health Impact Assessment of RMG-General Iron, life expectancy for Southeast Side neighborhoods is two to nearly seven years shorter than in Lincoln Park. All three Southeast Side community areas rank in the bottom half of all Chicago’s community areas for life expectancy, cardiac and respiratory disease, and self-rated health, among other metrics. The CDPH has also identified these areas as having among the lowest child opportunities in the city, based on educational, health and environmental, and social and economic data. 

You can still see those divisions in the way that the city allows polluters to accumulate in communities of color while pouring resources into Whiter more affluent areas for different types of development. Similar clashes over industry amassing in communities of color are playing out in La Villita, Pilsen and McKinley Park. 

The solution is to make clear guidelines to the permitting process that are equitable, transparent, and leave plenty of room for genuine community participation. The health of residents should be the deciding factor, and the city must prevent industry from amassing in communities of color. 

No community should have to worry about breathing neurotoxins or being covered in dust saturated with heavy metals like lead and arsenic from the industries that brush up against houses and parks. The first line of defense for our health should be in the permitting process for new industries. 

If we had an equitable permitting process, the General Iron decision would not have taken as long as it did. The city could have taken into consideration the almost 250 industrial facilities that line the South Branch of the Chicago River and the existing monitors that register some of the highest levels of toxic metals like lead in the entire state. The city would have listened to the neighbors and heard our long list of concerns which would have led to the inevitable denial of this permit. 

Mayor Lightfoot promised to introduce an ordinance that would address cumulative impacts and make the permitting process more equitable. Environmental justice communities will hold the mayor to her promise for a long-overdue legislative fix to a system that isn’t working for anyone.

The Southeast Side was essential in making Chicago and the region what it is today, and it’s still an essential part of the city where the people who live here can decide what our community should look like. We can be an important part of planning and building a healthier Southeast Side whose prosperity will open up new possibilities for our city. 

Gina Ramirez works to further sustainable land use and zoning rules that can provide crucial protections to areas of Chicago, like the Southeast Side, that are burdened with cumulative industrial pollution. Ramirez is an active member of the Coalition to Ban Petcoke and the Southeast Environmental Taskforce. She has a MA focused in sociology from Roosevelt University and BA in communications from DePaul University.

Publisher’s Note: Do you have something to say? We’re interested. Submit ideas for Opinion-Editorial essays and/or finished work to

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Community Conversation: Lessons Learned from the COVID-19 Pandemic

It has been a very difficult two years for so many; nearly 8,000 Chicagoans and more than 33,000 Illinoisans have died from COVID-related causes.

The pandemic revealed inequities in healthcare, and other determinants of health among Hispanics-Latinos.

While government leaders celebrate dropping masking requirements and other mitigations, many of the most vulnerable say that for them, the emergency continues.

“I have had students tell me, ‘I’m not gonna get vaccinated now and I never will.’ … I’m really concerned that they could be hospitalized or end up dying,� Dr. Jesu Estrada told the Chicago Sun-Times.

Estrada is the mother of two Chicago Public Schools students, ages 6 and 12. She works at Harold Washington College and serves as chapter chair for Local 1600 of the Cook County College Teachers Union.

Estrada argued a majority of the unvaccinated are the Black and Brown students that she serves. “Our communities, our families deserve nothing less. Keep the masks. Keep the vaccines. Nothing short of that,� she said.

Join Illinois Latino News (ILLN) and WBEZ this Wednesday, March 30 for a virtual town hall to discuss the impact of the pandemic on Hispanics-Latinos on the city’s Northwest Side.

Hugo Balta, Owner/Publisher of ILLN will be the moderator of the discussion between community and health leaders. From broad issues of health equity to the latest guidance on masking and vaccines, this conversation will serve as a gathering place where you can ask questions and find the information you need.

Panelists for this event include:

  • Dr. Geraldine Luna, Medical Director, Chicago Department of Public Health
  • Dr. Anuj Shah, Integrative Family Physician, Heartland Health Centers
  • Dr. Archana Chatterjee, Dean of Chicago Medical School, Rosalind Franklin University
  • Sylvia Puente, President and CEO, Latino Policy Forum
  • Margarita Klein, Director of Member Organizing, Arise Chicago
  • Dr. Marina Del Rios, First person in Chicago to receive the vaccine

Click on this link to register: Community Conversation: Lessons Learned from the COVID-19 Pandemic

This virtual event will be available in both English and Spanish. You can let us know what issues matter most to you and your neighbors by completing our survey.

Cover Photo Credit: Dr. Marina Del Rios, the first person in Chicago to get the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, Dec. 15, 2020 (Photo: Ashlee Rezin)

This edition of the Community Conversation series is presented with abundant help from our partners: Belmont-Cragin United, Communities United, Esperanza Health Centers, Heartland Health Centers, Illinois Unidos and Northwest Center.

This is the first event in the new Community Conversation series, a partnership between WBEZ and Illinois Latino News that seeks to elevate Latino voices from around Chicagoland through journalism and public programming. In future editions, we’ll explore new topics in different communities as we strive to center the information needs of all Chicagoans.

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Anticonquista Cafe brings a unique coffee experience to the Logan Square and Hermosa community 

Anticonquista Café not only roasts their coffee here in Chicago, but harvests it from the high mountains of Guatemala.

In mid-March, the owners of Anticonquista Café — Elmer Farjado and his wife Lauren Reese opened a location at Hermosa and Logan Square. The shop is nicknamed La Montanita

“My family is very happy that we are going to have our own space,� Fajardo said ahead of the opening. “They know that I sell coffee at farmers markets and now that we have this place, they see how the business is doing very well.�

Not only are they selling their packaged coffee beans and beverages, but also extending the invitation to other vendors in the community.

“It’s one step closer to having a permanent place,” Reese said.

Elmer Fajardo, Co-Owner & Co-founder of Anticonquista Café

In fact, it is one of the many steps they have taken throughout their coffee business.

The path of Anticonquista Café began when they received their license in December 2019. Covid-19 put a delay in their first shipment, but in September 2020 they obtained their exporter’s license and then the coffee arrived in October.

They started selling the coffee at the Logan Square Farmers Market. In 2021, they also began selling coffee via bike, touring the streets of Chicago and making stops at local farmers’ markets and street festivals. 

Farjado was only 7 years old when he learned about the coffee process. At the age of 10, he already knew how to cut, dry andwash coffee. 

Coffee has always been a big part of the Farjado family. 

“We have planted coffee farms since I was a child,â€� Farjado said. “I was born on the farms. My grandparents had coffee farms too.â€� 

At the age of 17, Farjado emigrated to the United States and provided his family with a little money since the farm was going through bad times.

“When I saw the price of a coffee in coffee shops here in the U.S, I remembered how I worked in Guatemala with my family, that there were times when my father lost money from his farm,� Farjado said.

Fajardo and Reese say that when they started selling the product from the farm here in the U.S. and seeing how people support them was a great satisfaction.

“I like to work with my family,� Farjado said. “They are happy with the work we have harvested. I am happy because my family supports us a lot in our vision of Anticonquista Café.�

Fajardo is a big fan and expert on coffee.

“I really like coffee,� Farjado said. “Anything that has a coffee flavor tastes good.�

Reese says that Farjado’s mother roasts the coffee beans on the comal, a smooth flat griddle. When someone buys roasted coffee here in the U.S., the entire coffee bean is evenly roasted. There is more control in roasting coffee beans. 

“A lot of marketing will talk about artisan roasted coffee, but actually when we start roasting it here with the machine, it is very much like a science-based roast,” Reese said. “Artisan roasting happens when Elmer’s mom does it. It’s more intuitive.”

Making coffee is laborious and necessitates a lot of effort to cultivate it. 

At Anticonquista Café they not only sell delicious coffee, but also have workshops that teach the history of coffee.

“We have brought coffee that has not been sorted so our clients can choose the coffee and see the defects,â€� Farjado said. “We want them to see the part of the work that happens on a farm.” 

Reese says it’s important to educate their consumers about how coffee gets here, but also to talk about the history of coffee.

“There are a lot of people who work in the coffee industry, but not by choice,� Reese said. “It is something that is taken for granted among other things here in the U.S.�

“Much of the coffee comes from the farmers,â€� Farjado said. “This is a point I want people to take into account. We want the farmers there [Guatemala] to receive more money for their product.â€� 

Although Anticonquista Café space is not large enough for community programming, their goal is in the future to have a larger space to offer immigrant resource events that organizations in Chicago can help facilitate. 

They not only want to give back to the Chicago community, but also provide opportunities in Guatemala.

“We want to give Guatemalan women employment in our business, because it is difficult for women to earn more money than men,� Fajardo said. “Anticonquista Café can be that change and provide more employment in Guatemala.�

Cover Photo: Anticonquista Café grows its coffee beans in Central America and sells and roasts them in Chicago.Photo: @anticonquistacafe | Instagram

Erika Pérez(@_Kika_Perez) is the Managing Editor of La DePaulia. She’s specializing in Communications & Latino Media. Erika is most empowered when writing about the uplifting stories of the Latinx community. She’s been reporting for La DePaulia’s news section for two years.”Email her at

Publisher’s Notes: You can read Erika’s Spanish language version of Anticonquista Café brings a unique coffee experience to the Logan Square and Hermosa community by clicking on Anticonquista Café trae una experiencia de café única al vecindario de Logan Square y Hermosa.

Illinois Latino News (ILLN) and La DePaulia are partners in best serving the Hispanic-Latino community.

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Conscious Consumerism Beyond Rainbow-Washing

For Charlie Hunts, changing his first name across all platforms was a critical step in transitioning into his true identity as a transgender man. The process was not easy and when Hunts joined One Finance as Senior Manager of Brand Marketing he saw an opportunity to help ease the burden on other trans and nonbinary people.

In January 2021 the One team was brainstorming initiatives to take for Pride month that year.

“We were trying to think of ways that we could show up for the community, that were authentic to the company, that didn’t feel like rainbow washing and could really impact customers’ lives 365, not just in June,� he said.

After sharing his experience as a trans man navigating gender in the banking system, he says the team realized the significance that gender identity can have on customers.

This led to the creation of One’s My Name program, an initiative that displays someone’s chosen name on their bank card, in their account, and during all communication with One. The bank does not require legal documentation of a name change, does not ask customers for their gender, and only uses gender-neutral language both internally and externally.

“Within a matter of months we were able to make it easy for customers to change their first name, no doctor’s forms, no driver’s license change required, just the opportunity to change your first name through a simple three-question form. That was the best Pride month I ever had,� said Hunts.

Hunts described some of the difficulties he’s faced in transitioning his finances from this dead name to his affirmed name, including most recently changing the name on his credit card.

“They kept misgendering me the entire phone call, even though I told them at the top what my pronouns were and that I was trans, they kept using my birth name, wanted me to take a picture of my driver’s license and submit that. There were like three other steps. It was wild,� he said.

Antonio D. Santos is the Executive Director of Gage Park Latinx Council, a queer-led organization dedicated to radical learning, social justice, and creating community on the southwest side of Chicago. 

He says that using a person’s dead name, their name assigned at birth which they no longer identify with, can be harmful.

“Anytime a trans person is forced to use their dead name or look at their dead name, that’s perpetuating trauma and harm onto them. Having to carry around a card in your wallet that does not reflect who you are as a person is a form of perpetuating trauma. Not to mention, if the name on your card doesn’t match your gender presentation that also brings up issues of ‘does your ID match?’ and if your ID doesn’t match what the person is seeing in front of them, it’s kind of criminalization of queer people on assumptions of fraud or that it isn’t their card to use,� he explained.

Santos recently launched Queer Riot Consulting, offering educational opportunities to organizations and businesses in an effort to inform them on LGBTQIA+ history and create greater visibility for queer people in all arenas. 

“I think that banks need to be better educated on pronouns, gender identity, and how that plays into their customers and their customers’ experience. At the end of the day, banks work for their clients. It’s their money that’s being held so learning and serving them in the best way appropriate for them is important,â€� said Santos.

Many leaders in the queer community see sharing information on trans issues as a key factor in progressing traditional institutions to be more inclusive. Center on Halsted’s Director of Behavioral Health, Ing Swenson, says that a lot of the misinformation surrounding gender stems from the way we have been taught to understand it.

“I think [the biggest misconception is] that there’s only two choices. One is woman, female, feminine and the other is male, man, masculine and there’s no in-between that. I think gender is more like an ocean, you know, we’re just in this social construct in this society… When it comes down to it, that doesn’t even exist,� said Swenson.

Hunts says that banks are deeply-rooted in this conventional idea of gender, but adopting programs like My Name is a step in the right direction.

“Traditional banks don’t make space for lives that aren’t necessarily that cisgender, heteronormative imagination of what life is if that makes sense. I think they were created by cisgender men, and cisgender white men predominately I’m sure, and so the imagination for other lived experiences wasn’t there and I think now I’m starting to see a little bit of light through the cracks,� he said.

In the last few years, there has been a movement towards more ethical consumerism or conscious consumerism that aligns with one’s social, political, or environmental viewpoints. People want to know the values of the companies that they spend their money with.

“I’ve been doing that in my own life for over ten years and I think a lot of us LGBT folks, or anybody really who’s marginalized, has an eye in that detail a little bit more just because we’re all more aware. I mean we have digital everything available to us and so now information is more available to us, so we’re going to make better choices,� said Swenson.

Santos believes that social media and easier access to information is a driving force in this trend. 

“I think that because we have social media, because we have a voice, communities that were erased in the past, even though they existed, now have buying power and social power,� he said. “I think that millennials and gen-z are pushing forward this demand by being vocal. I think social media has a huge part in it. We know that people want to support things that support their values, and I think that people are becoming more uncompromising in having their values reflected where they spend their money.�

Hunts agrees and says that One’s commitment to not supporting the tobacco or fossil fuel industries, as opposed to other banks, initially led to his interest in joining the company. 

“That differentiation, plus our commitment to meaningful change for our customers like through My Name, and not just rainbow-washing or green-washing, I hope that resonates with prospective customers as well, that people can see that we’re trying our best to create a banking service that doesn’t negatively affect the place we call home or each other,� he said.

Hunts, Santos and Swenson all share similar outlooks on resolving the disconnect that banks and other institutions perpetuate towards trans people. They feel that forgoing traditional gender terminology altogether is the best way to align with the trans and nonbinary community.

“I mean the thing is with gender, there’s no end to it. There’s always going to be a new term and especially with new generations, it’s like they’re always creating new language just like with any social construct. So I guess, what’s the point of it? ‘Cause you’re never going to get it completely 100 percent inclusive, that’s just not going to happen. So let’s just take it out,� said Swenson.

Santos said that resisting these changes in language will be detrimental for businesses.

“I think that if banks and other institutions don’t move beyond the binary and beyond the idea of gender, then they’re going to be left behind. Our culture, our society is moving in that direction,� he said.

The push is towards more substantial, institutional change. Swenson says the performative support that many companies show during Pride month, which disappears for the rest of the year, is not going to cut it anymore. 

“What’s the point, besides not genuinely wanting to include us? We want more than allyship, we want an accomplice,â€� he said.

Cover Photo by Isi Parente on Unsplash

Antonio Santos is a member of the Illinois Latino News (ILLN) advisory board, guiding the editorial focus of stories to ensure that they are inclusive and reflective of the Hispanic-Latino community and relevant to their needs.

Santos is a queer, first generation Latinx activist from the Southwest Side of Chicago. He is the executive director and cofounder of the Gage Park Latinx Council. The organization operates a community cultural center rooted in popular education, art, abolition and mutual aid in a latinx community that has seen decades of divestment. Alongside his work in the community Antonio has used his lived experience and knowledge as a queer activist and historian to create and facilitate hundreds of hours of LGBTQIA+ workshops, programs and affinity spaces for universities, highschools and elementary schools. He currently sits on the community accountability committee for the Chicago Department of Public Health’s Racial Equity Plan and serves as the Gage Park lead for the City of Chicago’s Vaccine Equity plan.  

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ILLN Opinion+: Pamela Fullerton

On this episode of ILLN Opinion+, we spoke with mental health counselor and owner of Advocacy & Education Consulting, Pamela Fullerton. Advocacy & Education Consulting supports predominantly BIPOC, Latinx, and undocumented communities with mental health and education-based services and workshops.

Fullerton’s passion towards a career in advocacy, which eventually led her to create this firm, stems from a combination of her love for books plus her negative experience as a first-generation Latina in the United States navigating the education system.

She recalls that her school encouraged her mother to stop teaching her Spanish because it would hinder her English language acquisition. 

“My mom didn’t know any better, you know, first-generation immigrant, just wanted to do ‘the right thing’ and so she stopped teaching us Spanish. That was probably the beginning of how the powers that be in education, the majority white men, white women who didn’t live our lives and didn’t understand our community, they were making decisions on behalf of us and that was wrong,� she said.

Reading about diverse cultures and the issues that marginalized communities face, through the works of Maya Angelou, Langston Hughes and Gabriel García Márquez, among others, further sparked her interest in advocating for change.

“I was reading about all these Black and Latinx authors and about you know, how being oppressed, how trauma that’s happened to our people, to our communities, how that’s impacted us and I just felt moved to want to do something in my life to want to support efforts of advocacy,� she said.

Fullerton feels that access to resources and education is the way to establish equity and equality for these groups.

“I do believe in the power of education, especially for minoritized populations. I believe that could be our key to help bring us to every single table that we need to be at at all different industries and sectors of life,� she said.

Because of this she dedicates time to work in schools, offering mental health services to help support needs that are not met due to a lack of mental health practitioners. She currently holds a mental health group for Black adolescent girls, who are statistically experiencing high suicide rates, and she also supervises clinicans at Northeastern Illinois University.

She says it’s especially important to cater services to BIPOC because the mental health of these groups has traditionally been neglected.

“Mental health is still stigmatized in the United States. It’s stigmatized especially among minority populations because the history of mental health is just like the history of racism in this country, we did not take care of Black and Brown and indiginous people in this country. We’re still not. But we’re trying to make amends for that,� she said.

Resources mentioned in this episode:

Advocacy & Education Consulting:

Pew Research Center Research on Latinos and COVID-19:

National Domestic Violence Hotline (English and Spanish)

1-800-799-7233 or TTY 1−800−787−3224. 

The National Crisis Text Line: (877) 235-4525) 

The Illinois Domestic Violence Hotline: (877) 863-6338

The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (24/7): 1-800-273-8255.

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